Fundamentals of Animal Behavior
Instructor: Jeff Schank
Office: 268D Young Hall
Office Hours: Tuesday and Thursday 10:30-11:50 and by appointment
Course description: This is the first of a two-quarter sequence. PSC/ANB 218B will be offered Winter 2012, and led by Andy Sih, Environmental Science and Policy. The goal of this course is to sample current and traditional topics in the field of animal behavior. You will learn about the basic phenomena, concepts, and theoretical approaches of animal behavior, but no two-quarter sequence can provide the entire breadth and depth of animal behavior.
Speakers: Monday: 6:10 PM to 8:00 PM and Friday 2:10 PM-4:00 PM
Discussion: Friday 4:10 PM to 5:00 PM
Adjustments: Due to the nature of this course adjustments may be required for some speakers and discussion.
Lectures: 145 Young Hall (with possible exceptions)
Discussion: 145 Young Hall
40% from position papers and leading discussion (you will write 3 papers and lead or co-lead 2 discussions), 15% from review papers on 3 of the position papers (you will write 3 review papers on 3 of the discussion papers), 20% participation in discussions, 25% final exam
Look under the “Courses” menu.
(1) As noted below, different topics will be the responsibility of different speakers. Each speaker has been asked to lecture on the assigned topic, and then moderate a 1-hour (when possible) with a student-led discussion on the topic.
(2) This means that you, the students, will be leading the discussions (this task will rotate among you). Because of the number of people registered, there will often be co-discussants. Please be thinking about what topic you would prefer.
(3) Each speaker will provide readings prior to the beginning of his/her lectures. Please prepare for lectures by reading that material.
(4) Each speaker will assign the associated discussion topic at the beginning of his/her lectures.
(5) Preparation for each discussion will involve
(a) reviewing the lecture and reading material so that you can lead the discussion, but everyone else is expected to join in (this is the main part of the 20% participant discussion); (b) for a subset of you each time, you will write a short position paper on the topic (no longer than 2 single-spaced pages)that you will circulate to all parties to read exactly one week after the topic is discussed. You should look into additional reading and include references for these papers. You will send it using the class email list: firstname.lastname@example.org; and (c) A subset of you, will write a short review of the position paper (between 1/2 and 1 page spaced pages). The review will briefly discuss the the strong points of the position paper and the weak points (e.g., "I think the author should have included more about X", or "I do not think that topic X is fundamental to the topic." or "I think that that X is better, explained or articulated as this..."). The short review will be due 3 days after you receive the discussion paper. You will send out your review using the class email list: email@example.com.
CLASS SCHEDULE – FALL, 2011
Fundamentals of Animal Behavior (ANB/PSC218A – Schank Instructor)
Lecture times – M, 6:10-8:00 PM; F, 2:10-4:00 PM; Discussion times – F, 4:10-5:00 PM (with possible exceptions indicated in red)
1. Monday – Oct. 1 – Organize; Introduction, Jeff Schank
Readings (1) On the aims and methods of ethology (2) Complexity and Organization Slides/Lecture Notes/Audio: (24.8 MB)
2. Friday – Oct. 5 – Communication, Conor Taff
Readings (1) Signaling (2) Avian psychology and communication Slides/Lecture Notes/Audio/assignments: (24.5 MB)
Friday – Oct. 5 – Discussion – Jeff Schank – Introduction Audio file: (11.7 MB)
3. Monday – Oct. 8 – Communication, Conor Taff
Readings (1) Complex signal function: developing a framework of testable hypotheses. (2) What do animal signals mean? (3) The central importance of information in studies of animal communication. (4) Information and Communication Slides/Lecture Notes/Audio: (21.8 MB)
4. Friday – Oct. 12 – Communication, Conor Taff
Readings (1) Animal Signals: Models and Terminology. (2) The cost of honesty and the fallacy of the handicap principle Slides/Lecture Notes/Audio: (25.3 MB)
Friday – Oct. 6 – Discussion – Conor Taff – Communication – Dicussion Leader(s): – Audio: (11 MB)
5. Monday – Oct. 15 – Quantitative genetics, Andy Sih
Readings (1) Multivariate inheritance and evolution: a review of concepts (2) The genetics of fish behavior (3) The genetics of politics: discovery, challenges, and progress Slides/Lecture Notes/Audio: (25.6 MB)
6. Friday – Oct 19 – Quantitative genetics, Andy Sih (Start time: 3:10 PM)
Friday – Oct. 19 – Discussion – Andy Sih – Quantitative genetics – Dicussion Leader(s):
7. Monday Oct. 22 – Genomics, Brian Trainor
Readings (1) Natural variations in maternal care are associated with estrogen receptor expression and estrogen sensitivity in the medial preoptic area. (2) Serotonin transporter genotype x construction stress interaction in rats. (3) Gene expression profiles in the brain predict behavior in individual honey bees. Slides/Lecture Notes/Audio: (22.1 MB)
8. Friday Oct. 26 – Genomics, Brian Trainor
Friday – Oct. 20 – Discussion – Brian Trainor – Genomics – Discussion Leader(s):
9. Monday Oct. 29 – Behavioral endocrinology, Tom Hahn
Readings (1) Hormonal control and evolution of alternative male phenotypes: generalizations of models of sexual differentiation (2) Variation in reproductive behaviour within a sex: neural systems and endocrine activation Slides/Lecture Notes/Audio:
10. Friday Nov. 2 – Behavioral endocrinology, Tom Hahn
Friday – Nov. 2 – Discussion – Tom Hahn (13 MB)
– Behavioral Endocrinology – Discussion Leader(s): Julia Cotton, Kai-Yin Lin
11. Monday Nov. 5 – Animal Welfare, YeunShin Lee
Readings (1) Agent-based modeling: Methods and techniques for simulating human systems (2) Movement patterns, social dynamics, and the evolution of cooperation (3) Beyond Reductionism: Refocusing on the Individual with Individual-based Modeling
Friday – Nov. 9 – Discussion – Tom Hahn – Agent-Based Modeling – Discussion Leader(s): Jay Jefferson – Animal Welfare – Discussion Leader(s):
13. Wednesday Nov. 14 – Behavioral Schedules, Tom Hahn (These lecture will be moved to the following week)
14. Friday Nov. 16 – Behavioral Schedules, Tom Hahn
Readings Slides/Lecture Notes/Audio:
Friday – Nov. 9 – Discussion – Tom Hahn – Behavioral Schedules – Discussion Leader(s): Helen Chmura
15. Monday Nov. 19 – Development of Predator-Prey Interactions – Dick Coss
Readings (1) Behavioural evidence for visual recognition of predators by the mangrove climbing crab Sesarma leptosoma (2) The presistence of old designs for perceptions (3) Antipredator Behavior in Paradise Fish(Macropodus opercularis) Larvae: The Role of Genetic Factors and Paternal Influence (4) Delayed Plasticity of an Instinct:Recognition and Avoidance of 2 Facing Eyes by the Jewel Fish (5) Predator Avoidance: Mechanisms (6) Context and Animal Behavior 111:The Relationship Between Early Development and Evolutionary Persistence of Ground Squirrel Antisnake Behavior (7) Evolutionary persistence of memory-like processes Slides/Lecture Notes/Audio: (25.2 MB)
16. Friday Nov. 23 – Thanksgiving
17. Monday Nov. 26 – Methodology – Jeff Schank
Readings (1) The Earth Is Round (p < .05) (2) Pseudoreplication and the Design of Ecological Field Experiments (3) Pseudoreplication is a Pseudoproblem (4) The Ancient Black Art and Transdisciplinary Extent of Pseudoreplication (optional) (5) Pseudoreplication Is (Still) a Problem (optional) (6) Pseudoreplication Conventions Are Testable Hypotheses (optional) (7) Trade-Offs in the Design of Experiments (optional) (8) An Ancient Black Art (optional) (9) Logic of experiments in ecology: is pseudoreplication a pseudoissue? (optional) (10) An Entomologist Guide to Demystify Pseudoreplication: Data Analysis of Field Studies With Design Constraints (optional) Slides/Lecture Notes/Audio: (27.2 MB)
Monday – Nov. 26 – Discussion Methodology – Discussion Leader(s): – Methodology
18. Friday Nov. 30 – Movement and Migration – Marilyn Ramenofsky
Readings (1) Behavioral Endocrinology of Migration (2) ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS AFFECT THE BEHAVIOR OF CAPTIVE, MIGRATORY WHITE- CROWNED SPARROWS (3) Regulation of Migration Slides/Lecture Notes/Audio: (37.5 MB)
Friday – Nov. 30 – Discussion – Movement and Migration – Discussion Leader(s): Helen Chmura, Myfanwy Johnston – Development of Predator-Prey Interactions – Discussion Leader(s):
19. Monday Dec. 3 – Movement and Migration – Marilyn Ramenofsky
20. Friday Dec. 7 – Play – Jeff Schank
(1) Current perspectives on the biological study of play: signs of progress (2) Play and the evolution of fairness: a game theory model (3) Animal play and animal welfare (optional) (4) Play at work: revisiting data focusing on chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) (optional) (5) The evolution of social play (optional)
Slides/Lecture Notes/Audio: Friday – Dec. 7 – Discussion – Play – Discussion Leader(s):
FINAL EXAM – Dec. 10, 24h take home (Tentative)